As resource sharing becomes more active and complicated in academic libraries, a better understanding of how librarians-a key stakeholder-view the current level of resource sharing is needed. Using survey method, this study collected data regarding the perception of 78 librarians with regard to interlibrary loan, document delivery, union catalog construction, shared acquisition, and community building. Overall, the respondents evaluated well-established forms of resource sharing(interlibrary loan, document delivery, and union catalog construction) more positively than less-well developed ones(shared acquisition and community building). Correlation analysis between perception of library/individual characteristics was conducted. Barriers to each of the five areas of resource sharing are also identified in the study.
The purpose of this study is to suggest retrieval interfaces for Korean paintings which support users to retrieve specific digitalized images of them through various access points and to widely browse based on unique features Korean paintings. The study, first, develops a set of descriptive elements suitable for Korean paintings. Twenty-six core elements and one hundred seventy-two attributes are selected as descriptive items for Korean paintings based on the opinion of 8 experts. Then, to gain realistic evidence of what descriptive elements of image serve users as access points, it is investigated which elements are used as retrieval access points among 26 core elements by 300 peered users who are consisted with two groups such as common users and domain specialists. The study, in final, designs two(general and advanced) types of search interfaces and display interfaces based on the most popular top 15 descriptive elements. This access-enhanced platform which enables user-oriented searches will satisfy users in image retrieving.
In many information retrieval experiments, the data fusion techniques have been used to achieve higher effectiveness in comparison to the single evidence-based retrieval. However, there had not been many image retrieval studies using the data fusion techniques especially in combining retrieval results based on multiple retrieval methods. In this paper, we describe how the image retrieval effectiveness can be improved by combining two sets of the retrieval results using the Sobel operator-based edge detection and the Self Organizing Map(SOM) algorithms. We used the clip art images from a commercial collection to develop a test data set. The main advantage of using this type of the data set was the clear cut relevance judgment, which did not require any human interven- tion.
Policy information is very valuable around the nation in its aspects of uniqueness, professionalism and specificity, so it has great significances to individual citizens. Therefore, it is necessary to prepare systematic instruments for anyone to have easy access to policy information owned by government and administrative institutions. And particularly, it is so impending to develop efficient policy information service(PIS) system. Indeed, however, Korea doesn’t have yet established any policy or system to make policy information available en bloc to citizens. Thus, the purpose of this study is to conduct a survey to analyze actual profile of Korean policy information circulating institutions, and is also to analyze needs for domestic circulation of policy information, so that it can seek possible ways to consolidate domestic scattered policy information into a nationwide information system to improve national policy information infrastructure of Korea.
This study aims to investigate awareness of the privacy concerns in knowledge management in scholarly publications. As theoretical background, understandings of privacy and practices of knowledge management for privacy are discussed. Content analysis of scholarly publications which are limited to the period from 2000 to 2004 is used for examining the awareness. Result of this study shows that there is not much scholarly discussion on the privacy concerns in knowledge management during the period. Reasons for the result are identified, based on the theoretical understandings. This study is expected not only to investigate the research topic but also to bring attention to the necessity of discussions of the topic.
이 연구의 목적은 대학도서관 이용자가 채팅을 통한 정보봉사 서비스를 이용하는데 있어서 어떠한 요소에 의해 동기화가 이루어지며 또한 어떠한 요소에 의해서 동기화가 방해되는지를 밝혀내고자 하는데 있다. 이러한 연구의 목적을 성취하기위해, 본 연구는 미국의 플로리다 주립대학에서 문헌정보학을 전공하는 대학원생들을 대상으로하여 2007년 4월과 5월에 인터뷰를 실시하였다. 인터뷰자료의 분석결과 채팅을 통한 정보봉사서비스를 대학도서관 이용자들이 이용하는데 있어서 다음과 같은 요소들이 동기화 요인으로 작용한다는 사실이 밝혀졌다: 이용의 편리성, 익명성, 서비스를 이용하는데 있어서 비용이 거의 들지 않는다는 점. 한편, 채팅을 통한 정보봉사서비스를 이용하는데 있어서 방해요인으로는 다음과 같은 요소들이 언급되었다: 서비스를 기다리는 시간, 접근성, 인터페이스 디자인, 가상공간에서 자신의 의사를 정확히 표현할 수없는 불편함.
The purpose of this study was to discover the factors which motivate academic library users to use chat reference service and which demotivate academic library users to use chat reference service. To achieve the study purposes, this study conducted interview with the selected participants (Information Studies graduate students at Florida State University(FSU)) through email in April and May 2007. This study found that 1) convenience, 2) anonymity, and 3) inexpensiveness of the service served as incentives(motivators) for chat reference service consumers to use the service. On the other hand, chat reference service consumers mentioned the following factors as obstacles (demotivators) for using the service: 1) waiting time, 2) accessibility, 3) interface design, and 4) difficulties with expressing themselves in a virtual space.
In this study, we investigated the information users' needs and information seeking behavior in the field of science and technology. We found that the science and technology researchers most frequently needed information while conducting the research & development related tasks and drafting research papers. The researchers attributed the main sources of research ideas to be the communication among colleagues and the literature review. The researchers's most preferred information sources were digital libraries, web search engines, and academic information portal. In conclusion, the science and technology researchers regarded the online use of electronic materials as the primary source of information. We hope that this investigation reported herein to be the foundation for developing user-centered information services for the science and technology discipline.
Authoritative as well as objective information on ranking or dominant research areas of academic departments/schools in a certain discipline is essential for the graduate school applicants. In this study, we performed an informetric analysis to identify dominant research areas in the top 10 U.S. LIS schools. We used two different datasets of research productivity and research interests of the LIS faculty. The correspondence analysis method was employed to graphically display the association between research areas and the LIS schools. We found that the research productivity data collected from SSCI database generated a very informative map presenting which research areas were dominant in which LIS schools. We also found that for the two most productive subject areas in LIS over the past 10-year period, the proportion of research articles in information retrieval decreased to a great extent in the recent 5-year period, whereas that of information seeking behavior showed an almost same degree of increase.
In this study, pathfinder network analysis has been carried out to identify subject domains of documents which cited articles in the ASIST Proceedings. This represents how articles in the ASIST Proceedings are flowed and used in what subjects areas. For this analysis, 240 documents were selected through a search of the Scopus database. The complete linkage clustering method was used to draw out 16 clusters from 240 documents. Through MDS and pathfinder network analysis, knowledge networks of clusters have been produced. As a result, articles in the ASIST Proceedings relating to knowledge management, bibliometrics, information retrieval and digital libraries have been cited actively by other publications. The most frequent citation flow type of ASIST proceedings was citation from proceedings(ASIST) to reviews(ARIST), via journals, and the most popular subject areas related to documents were bibliometrics.
In this study, web link analysis of the Korean National Archives has been performed using LexiURL to show the dynamic web flow of the National Archives and to identify which closely related institutions the archives should seek to cooperate with for developing an institutional strategic plan. Inlink and co-inlink analysis were performed and, to identify related institutions of the Korean National Archives, a comparison was made with other countries such as Australia, England and the United States. Through web link analysis, several features can be detected and future directions are suggested. Most inlinks and co-inlink of the Korean National Archives were from public institutions, indicating that relationships with educational or research institutions are weak. Moreover, Korean National Archives involve fewer web links related to international activities than other countries. Proceeding from these results, educational function, research function and international activities should be fortified. Korean National Archives need to provide more materials for supporting educational and research activities and more cultural interchange among related institutions. Further research with different heritage institutions such as libraries or museums is needed.
With the purpose of enriching existing catalogues with FRBR, which is the Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records, in mind, this paper aims to evaluate the impact of bibliographic ontology on the overall system’s performance in the field of literature. In doing this, OCLC’s FictionFinder (http://fictionfinder.oclc.org) was selected and qualitatively evaluated. In this study 40 university seniors evaluated the following three aspects using the ‘transferring thoughts onto paper method’: 1) In which ways is this FRBR-aware bibliographical ontology helpful? 2) Are the things which are initially attempted to be helped being helped? 3) Would users seeking one work in particular also see all other related works? In conclusion, this study revealed that, as Cutter claimed in his 2nd rule of the library, collocations give added-value to the users and overall ontology provides better interface and usefulness. It also revealed that a system’s evaluation with qualitative methodology helped to build full pictures of the system and to grip the information needs of the users when the system is developed. Qualitative evaluations, therefore, could be used as indicators for the evaluation of any information retrieval systems.
The purpose of this study is to investigate the characteristics of indexes by human and machine, and differences between them in terms of term identification in a fulltext environment. A back-of-book index and two indexes produced by two term identifiers (LinkIt and Termer) as pseudo-indexing systems for a whole body of a monograph are examined. In the investigation, the traditional contrast between manual and automatic indexing is confirmed in fulltext environment; manual index is for browsing and human use, and automatic index is for searching and machine use. The border between them, however, becomes vague. Some considerations for the use of the term identifiers for browsing and for searching are discussed, and further research for the use of the term identifier is suggested.